【Windows】PEB 结构体

PEB 结构体

拿 Windbg 查看 PEB 结构体

0:001> dt _peb
ntdll!_PEB
   +0x000 InheritedAddressSpace : UChar
   +0x001 ReadImageFileExecOptions : UChar
   +0x002 BeingDebugged    : UChar
   +0x003 BitField         : UChar
   +0x003 ImageUsesLargePages : Pos 0, 1 Bit
   +0x003 IsProtectedProcess : Pos 1, 1 Bit
   +0x003 IsImageDynamicallyRelocated : Pos 2, 1 Bit
   +0x003 SkipPatchingUser32Forwarders : Pos 3, 1 Bit
   +0x003 IsPackagedProcess : Pos 4, 1 Bit
   +0x003 IsAppContainer   : Pos 5, 1 Bit
   +0x003 IsProtectedProcessLight : Pos 6, 1 Bit
   +0x003 IsLongPathAwareProcess : Pos 7, 1 Bit
   +0x004 Padding0         : [4] UChar
   +0x008 Mutant           : Ptr64 Void
   +0x010 ImageBaseAddress : Ptr64 Void
   +0x018 Ldr              : Ptr64 _PEB_LDR_DATA
   +0x020 ProcessParameters : Ptr64 _RTL_USER_PROCESS_PARAMETERS
   +0x028 SubSystemData    : Ptr64 Void
   +0x030 ProcessHeap      : Ptr64 Void
   +0x038 FastPebLock      : Ptr64 _RTL_CRITICAL_SECTION
   +0x040 AtlThunkSListPtr : Ptr64 _SLIST_HEADER
   +0x048 IFEOKey          : Ptr64 Void
   +0x050 CrossProcessFlags : Uint4B
   +0x050 ProcessInJob     : Pos 0, 1 Bit
   +0x050 ProcessInitializing : Pos 1, 1 Bit
   +0x050 ProcessUsingVEH  : Pos 2, 1 Bit
   +0x050 ProcessUsingVCH  : Pos 3, 1 Bit
   +0x050 ProcessUsingFTH  : Pos 4, 1 Bit
   +0x050 ProcessPreviouslyThrottled : Pos 5, 1 Bit
   +0x050 ProcessCurrentlyThrottled : Pos 6, 1 Bit
   +0x050 ProcessImagesHotPatched : Pos 7, 1 Bit
   +0x050 ReservedBits0    : Pos 8, 24 Bits
   +0x054 Padding1         : [4] UChar
   +0x058 KernelCallbackTable : Ptr64 Void
   +0x058 UserSharedInfoPtr : Ptr64 Void
   +0x060 SystemReserved   : Uint4B
   +0x064 AtlThunkSListPtr32 : Uint4B
   +0x068 ApiSetMap        : Ptr64 Void
   +0x070 TlsExpansionCounter : Uint4B
   +0x074 Padding2         : [4] UChar
   +0x078 TlsBitmap        : Ptr64 Void
   +0x080 TlsBitmapBits    : [2] Uint4B
   +0x088 ReadOnlySharedMemoryBase : Ptr64 Void
   +0x090 SharedData       : Ptr64 Void
   +0x098 ReadOnlyStaticServerData : Ptr64 Ptr64 Void
   +0x0a0 AnsiCodePageData : Ptr64 Void
   +0x0a8 OemCodePageData  : Ptr64 Void
   +0x0b0 UnicodeCaseTableData : Ptr64 Void
   +0x0b8 NumberOfProcessors : Uint4B
   +0x0bc NtGlobalFlag     : Uint4B
   +0x0c0 CriticalSectionTimeout : _LARGE_INTEGER
   +0x0c8 HeapSegmentReserve : Uint8B
   +0x0d0 HeapSegmentCommit : Uint8B
   +0x0d8 HeapDeCommitTotalFreeThreshold : Uint8B
   +0x0e0 HeapDeCommitFreeBlockThreshold : Uint8B
   +0x0e8 NumberOfHeaps    : Uint4B
   +0x0ec MaximumNumberOfHeaps : Uint4B
   +0x0f0 ProcessHeaps     : Ptr64 Ptr64 Void
   +0x0f8 GdiSharedHandleTable : Ptr64 Void
   +0x100 ProcessStarterHelper : Ptr64 Void
   +0x108 GdiDCAttributeList : Uint4B
   +0x10c Padding3         : [4] UChar
   +0x110 LoaderLock       : Ptr64 _RTL_CRITICAL_SECTION
   +0x118 OSMajorVersion   : Uint4B
   +0x11c OSMinorVersion   : Uint4B
   +0x120 OSBuildNumber    : Uint2B
   +0x122 OSCSDVersion     : Uint2B
   +0x124 OSPlatformId     : Uint4B
   +0x128 ImageSubsystem   : Uint4B
   +0x12c ImageSubsystemMajorVersion : Uint4B
   +0x130 ImageSubsystemMinorVersion : Uint4B
   +0x134 Padding4         : [4] UChar
   +0x138 ActiveProcessAffinityMask : Uint8B
   +0x140 GdiHandleBuffer  : [60] Uint4B
   +0x230 PostProcessInitRoutine : Ptr64     void 
   +0x238 TlsExpansionBitmap : Ptr64 Void
   +0x240 TlsExpansionBitmapBits : [32] Uint4B
   +0x2c0 SessionId        : Uint4B
   +0x2c4 Padding5         : [4] UChar
   +0x2c8 AppCompatFlags   : _ULARGE_INTEGER
   +0x2d0 AppCompatFlagsUser : _ULARGE_INTEGER
   +0x2d8 pShimData        : Ptr64 Void
   +0x2e0 AppCompatInfo    : Ptr64 Void
   +0x2e8 CSDVersion       : _UNICODE_STRING
   +0x2f8 ActivationContextData : Ptr64 _ACTIVATION_CONTEXT_DATA
   +0x300 ProcessAssemblyStorageMap : Ptr64 _ASSEMBLY_STORAGE_MAP
   +0x308 SystemDefaultActivationContextData : Ptr64 _ACTIVATION_CONTEXT_DATA
   +0x310 SystemAssemblyStorageMap : Ptr64 _ASSEMBLY_STORAGE_MAP
   +0x318 MinimumStackCommit : Uint8B
   +0x320 SparePointers    : [4] Ptr64 Void
   +0x340 SpareUlongs      : [5] Uint4B
   +0x358 WerRegistrationData : Ptr64 Void
   +0x360 WerShipAssertPtr : Ptr64 Void
   +0x368 pUnused          : Ptr64 Void
   +0x370 pImageHeaderHash : Ptr64 Void
   +0x378 TracingFlags     : Uint4B
   +0x378 HeapTracingEnabled : Pos 0, 1 Bit
   +0x378 CritSecTracingEnabled : Pos 1, 1 Bit
   +0x378 LibLoaderTracingEnabled : Pos 2, 1 Bit
   +0x378 SpareTracingBits : Pos 3, 29 Bits
   +0x37c Padding6         : [4] UChar
   +0x380 CsrServerReadOnlySharedMemoryBase : Uint8B
   +0x388 TppWorkerpListLock : Uint8B
   +0x390 TppWorkerpList   : _LIST_ENTRY
   +0x3a0 WaitOnAddressHashTable : [128] Ptr64 Void
   +0x7a0 TelemetryCoverageHeader : Ptr64 Void
   +0x7a8 CloudFileFlags   : Uint4B
   +0x7ac CloudFileDiagFlags : Uint4B
   +0x7b0 PlaceholderCompatibilityMode : Char
   +0x7b1 PlaceholderCompatibilityModeReserved : [7] Char
   +0x7b8 LeapSecondData   : Ptr64 _LEAP_SECOND_DATA
   +0x7c0 LeapSecondFlags  : Uint4B
   +0x7c0 SixtySecondEnabled : Pos 0, 1 Bit
   +0x7c0 Reserved         : Pos 1, 31 Bits
   +0x7c4 NtGlobalFlag2    : Uint4B

查看结构体及值

0:001> dt _peb @$peb
ntdll!_PEB
   +0x000 InheritedAddressSpace : 0 ''
   +0x001 ReadImageFileExecOptions : 0 ''
   +0x002 BeingDebugged    : 0x1 ''
   +0x003 BitField         : 0 ''
   +0x003 ImageUsesLargePages : 0y0
   +0x003 IsProtectedProcess : 0y0
   +0x003 IsImageDynamicallyRelocated : 0y0
   +0x003 SkipPatchingUser32Forwarders : 0y0
   +0x003 IsPackagedProcess : 0y0
   +0x003 IsAppContainer   : 0y0
   +0x003 IsProtectedProcessLight : 0y0
   +0x003 IsLongPathAwareProcess : 0y0
   +0x004 Padding0         : [4]  ""
   +0x008 Mutant           : 0xffffffff`ffffffff Void
   +0x010 ImageBaseAddress : 0x00000000`00400000 Void
   +0x018 Ldr              : 0x00007ffc`5c0253c0 _PEB_LDR_DATA
   ......

Windbg 直接查看 PEB 信息

调试器用户经常会需要查看在启动调试目标时使用了哪些命令行参数

这个信息是保存在 PEB 中的,可以通过 !peb 来获取

这个命令将解析 PEB 并给出完整的命令行,所有已加载 DLL 的位置,以及环境变量等

0:001> !peb
PEB at 0000000000327000
    InheritedAddressSpace:    No
    ReadImageFileExecOptions: No
    BeingDebugged:            Yes
    ImageBaseAddress:         0000000000400000
    NtGlobalFlag:             0
    NtGlobalFlag2:            0
    Ldr                       00007ffc5c0253c0
    Ldr.Initialized:          Yes
    Ldr.InInitializationOrderModuleList: 0000000000733cb0 . 0000000000745170
    Ldr.InLoadOrderModuleList:           0000000000733e20 . 000000000074d810
    Ldr.InMemoryOrderModuleList:         0000000000733e30 . 000000000074d820
    ......

结构体解析

Ldr

偏移信息

x32 : 0x00c
x64 : 0x018

存储信息

the pointer to _PEB_LDR_DATA

_PEB_LDR_DATA

0:001> dt _PEB_LDR_DATA
ntdll!_PEB_LDR_DATA
   +0x000 Length           : Uint4B
   +0x004 Initialized      : UChar
   +0x008 SsHandle         : Ptr64 Void
   +0x010 InLoadOrderModuleList : _LIST_ENTRY
   +0x020 InMemoryOrderModuleList : _LIST_ENTRY
   +0x030 InInitializationOrderModuleList : _LIST_ENTRY
   +0x040 EntryInProgress  : Ptr64 Void
   +0x048 ShutdownInProgress : UChar
   +0x050 ShutdownThreadId : Ptr64 Void
  • InLoadOrderModuleList

    • 按照 dll 加载的先后顺序保存 dll 的链表

    • 加载是先于初始化的,加载就是完成虚拟空间的映射和与 exe 的链接

      加载完成后的 dll 会挂入 InInitializationOrderModuleList 进行初始化

  • InMemoryOrderModuleList

    • 按照 dll 在内存中出现的顺序保存 dll 的链表
    • 该链表是寻找 dll 最常用的链,具体写在了 【Pwn 笔记】Windows Pwn 总结 -- Basic ROP
  • InInitializationOrderModuleList

    • 按照 dll 初始化的顺序保存 dll 的链表

      初始化就是调用其 DLLMain

参考链接

https://www.jianshu.com/p/759082d40471

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